The deal stunned the world. John Gunther recalled in August 1939 in Moscow that the news of the 19 August trade agreement surprised journalists and diplomats during the Soviet-French-British negotiations, but hoped for world peace. They did not expect the announcement of the non-aggression pact on 21 August: “Nothing more incredible was conceivable. Astonishment and skepticism quickly turned into dismay and alarm.”  The news was greeted with total dismay and surprise by government leaders and the world`s media, most of whom knew only the Franco-British negotiations that had been taking place for months;   by Germany`s allies, especially Japan; Communist International and foreign communist parties; and Jewish communities around the world.  Herald: “At his press conference at the White House, the President spoke about the spying of the power and the activities of U.S. foreign intelligence.” “No one wants another Pearl Harbor. This means that we must have knowledge of the armed forces and preparations around the world, especially those who are capable of launching massive surprise attacks. Secrecy in the Soviet Union makes this essential. In most parts of the world, no large-scale attacks could be prepared in secret. But in the Soviet Union, there is a fetish of secrecy and concealment. Today, it is one of the main causes of international tensions and unrest.
Our deterrence must never be compromised. The security of the whole world demands it. We prefer and work for a different kind of world and another way to get the information necessary for effective competence and deterrence. Public societies on the day of today`s weapons are the only answer. That is the reason for my 1955 open skies proposal, which I wanted, yes, to put in place to allow an aerial observation of the United States and the Soviet Union, which would ensure that no surprise attack on anyone was prepared. I will again overwhelm the “Open Skies” proposal in Paris. It`s a way to end the cover-up. For decades, the official policy of the Soviet Union was to deny the existence of the secret protocol on the German-Soviet pact. On the orders of Mikhail Gorbachev, Alexander Nikolayevich Yakovlev headed a commission that investigated the existence of such a protocol. In December 1989, the Commission concluded that the protocol existed and disclosed its results to the Congress of The People`s Deputies of the Soviet Union.  Congress then adopted the statement confirming and condemning and denouncing the existence of secret protocols.  The two successor states of the parties to the pact cancelled the secret protocols from the date of their signing: the Federal Republic of Germany on 1 September 1989 and the Soviet Union on 24 December 1989 after reviewing the micro-filmed copy of the German originals.  Yes, they can do so if they are properly developed with independent legal advice on both sides.